Diamond is the hardest mineral known to man. This rare & exquisite mineral has held mankind in awe since times immemorial. The formation of diamonds began very early in earth’s history, and most diamonds are formed between 140-190 kilometres (87-118 miles) below the earth surface. The immense heat & pressure combine to cause the carbon atoms to crystallize forming diamonds. Its unique and rare properties have made it the most highly prized of all gems.
A diamond has what is known as ‘Four C’s’
Beautiful. Rare. Cherished. Each diamond is unique and is a miracle of time, place and change. And each has specific qualities that establish its value.
Until the middle of the twentieth century, there was no agreed-upon standard by which diamonds could be judged. GIA created the first, and now globally accepted standard for describing diamonds: Color,Clarity, Cut and Carat Weight. Today, the 4Cs of Diamond Quality is the universal method for assessing the quality of any diamond, anywhere in the world. The creation of the Diamond 4Cs meant two very important things: diamond quality could be communicated in a universal language, and diamond customers could now know exactly what they were about to purchase.
As creator of the Diamond 4Cs and the International Diamond Grading System™, GIA is not only a global authority, but the world’s trusted source for unbiased assessment.